7 Types of Shift Roasters
1. Full Time Shift Roster
A typical full-time workweek schedule in South Africa is 45 hours excluding lunch breaks. This means that full-time employees are required to commit to 9 hours per day for five days a week or less, or a commitment of 8 hours per day for five days a week or more. Full-time work schedules vary from company to company and depend on operating hours. But for the most part, full-time workers can expect to work the same shift each week.
2. Part Time Shift Roster
The most obvious difference between full-time and part-time work schedules is the number of hours employees are required to work. Any work schedule with fewer hours than a full-time schedule is considered part-time. Some employees may prefer part-time employment because it allows them more flexibility.
3. Rotating Shift Roaster
Rotating shift rosters work best for companies that operate on a continuous or 24/7 basis. The rotating shift roster includes day, night and swing shifts, depending on whether the cycle is weekly, monthly or quarterly. This is the kind of roaster that is popular in the military, construction, road construction, power plant and medical industries. Some people may find it difficult to adjust to this type of schedule because it affects sleeping and eating patterns And the time to spend with loved ones will be reduced.
4. Split Shift Roster
Working split shift means that employees divide their working hours across the day. For example, if one is required to work for 8 hours a day, they can choose to work for 4 hours in the morning and 4 hours in the evening. This is a popular shift roster among businesses that are open on an ongoing basis, and among teams that need flexibility.
5. Optional Shift Roaster
This type of shift roster is a broad term for any work schedule It is not “full time”. Optional rosters include flexible schedules, part-time schedules, and rotating shift schedules. In specific workplaces, these types of schedules are implemented to accommodate the special needs of employees, such as medical needs or pregnancies.
6. DuPont Shift Roaster
The DuPont roster has a normal shift schedule and operates as follows: The work schedule is divided into shifts and works in a 12-hour shift rotating pattern. The employees are divided into four teams. During the 4-week period, each team will work 4 consecutive night shifts, followed by 3 days off in the first week. Then they work 3 day shifts, then 1 day shift and then 3 night shifts in a row. After this, the team has 3 days off followed by 4 day shifts and then 7 days off. This roster repeats every four weeks.
7. Pitman Shift Roster
Commonly known as the “Every Other Weekend Off” schedule, the Pitman shift roster is when employees are divided into teams of 4 who work two 12-hour long shifts per day. This roster operates in 2-week cycles, and with this, teams have every other weekend off and employees never work more than three consecutive days.